Asia shares subdued, dollar refreshed by US rate risks

| Updated: August 19, 2022 13:09:07

Asia shares subdued, dollar refreshed by US rate risks

Asian share markets were subdued on Monday and the dollar held firm after a stunning US payrolls report pushed back against talk of recession but also bolstered the case for more super-sized rate hikes.

Markets quickly moved to price around a 70 per cent chance the Federal Reserve will lift rates by 75 basis points in September, sending two-year yields up 20 basis points on Friday and further inverting the curve.

The blockbuster data only raised the stakes for the July US consumer prices report due on Wednesday, which could see a slight pullback in headline growth, but likely a further acceleration in core inflation.

"Despite sluggish growth and an expected slide to a 0.2 per cent m/m July CPI gain, the Fed will likely raise policy rates 75 bps at its September meeting," said Bruce Kasman, head of economic research at JPMorgan.

"The key question is whether it will decide that a material rise in the unemployment rate is necessary to achieve its objectives," he warned. "If this is the case, its guidance on rates will move significantly higher, alongside a message that it will likely prove to be less sensitive to near-term growth disappointments."

The risk haunted equity markets with S&P 500 futures and Nasdaq futures both down 0.1 per cent.

MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan dipped 0.5 per cent, after three sessions of gains. Japan's Nikkei edged up 0.3 per cent and South Korea's KOSPI went flat. Chinese blue chips eased 0.2 per cent.

EUROSTOXX 50 futures fared better and added 0.5 per cent, while FTSE futures rose 0.3 per cent.

There was little obvious market reaction to news that the US Senate on Sunday passed a sweeping $430 billion bill intended to fight climate change after some compromises on taxation within the deal.

"The changes look unlikely to substantially change the net fiscal impact of the legislation, which continues to look likely to be less than 0.1 per cent of GDP for the next several years, as new spending and new taxes roughly offset," said analysts at Goldman Sachs.


Two-year Treasury yields were up at 3.25 per cent, fully 40 basis points above 10-year yields.

Bonds also got a safe-haven bid due to unease over Beijing's sabre rattling against Taiwan as China conducts four days of military exercises around the island.

Chinese data out over the weekend showed exports picked up unexpectedly in July with a gain of 18 per cent, while imports lagged with a rise of just 2.3 per cent.

The jobs boom combined with the jump in yields to bolster the US dollar, which was up at 106.640 against a basket of currencies having gained 0.8 per cent on Friday. 

"This key data point is a million miles from a current recession, both on a change of employment, and a levels of unemployment basis," said Alan Ruskin, global head of G10 FX strategy at Deutsche Bank.

"Data like this will further any thoughts about 'US exceptionalism' and is very positive for the USD against all currencies."

The dollar held at 135.27 yen after jumping 1.6 per cent on Friday, while the euro was struggling at $1.0182 and not far from chart support around $1.0095.

The single currency was not helped by news Moody's had cut Italy's outlook to negative as Prime Minister Mario Draghi's resignation shook the country's political landscape.

The rise in the dollar was a setback for gold, though it had managed to bounce from the lows hit on Friday to stand at $1,773. 

Oil prices recouped early losses to eke out some gains, having suffered the worst week since April on worries about stalling global demand as central banks keep tightening. 

Brent added 25 cents to $95.17, while US crude rose 19 cents to $89.20 per barrel.

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